Benzodiazepines, commonly called “benzos”, are a class of psychotropic drugs available by prescription only. They work to slow the nerve impulses at the sites in the brain most sensitive to stress. They are also a Schedule IV controlled substance, which means they have a high potential for abuse.
Benzodiazepine use and abuse have grown over time and the number of people aged 18 to 25 using the drugs recreationally goes up every year, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
While benzodiazepines often are prescribed for an assortment of conditions— social anxiety, muscular relaxation, and insomnia among them— they have prevailed as some of the most pervasive drugs of abuse today. Tremors, seizures, irritability, anxiety, malaise, confusion, depression, sweats, and insomnia characterize the typical benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms.
The most common benzodiazepines include Xanax (alprazolam), Librium (chlordiazepoxide), Valium (diazepam), and Ativan (lorazepam). Rohypnol (flunitrazepam)— colloquially the “date-rape drug”— is also a benzodiazepine. Symptoms of benzodiazepine intoxication include mild memory loss, loss of coordination, slurred speech, along with confusion, impaired thinking, and muscle weakness.
Benzodiazepines leave the body very slowly because metabolites accumulate in the body’s fatty tissues, and tolerance typically develops in those who have been taking a benzodiazepine for upwards of six months. Our detox protocol ensures that guests withdrawing from benzodiazepine are physically and mentally comfortable as they prepare for recovery. If you have any questions about our program, please contact Royal Life Centers at the Haven today.